Routing Recipes

These recipes assume that you are using react-router, but the principles should be applicable to any routing solution.

React Router 4

There are known issues when attempting to use these patterns with react-router 4. More information to come.

Progress on supporting react-router 4 is tracked within this issue.

Basic

Routing can be changed based on data by using react lifecycle hooks such as componentWillMount, and componentWillReceiveProps to route users. This can be particularly useful when doing things such as route protection (only allowing user to view a route if they are logged in):

import React, { Component } from 'react'
import PropTypes from 'prop-types'
import { connect } from 'react-redux'
import { firebaseConnect, isLoaded, isEmpty } from 'react-redux-firebase'

@firebaseConnect()
@connect(
  ({ firebase: { auth } }) => ({
    auth,
  })
)
export default class ProtectedPage extends Component {
  static propTypes = {
    auth: PropTypes.object,
  }

  componentWillReceiveProps({ auth }) {
    if (auth && !auth.uid) {
      this.context.router.push('/login') // redirect to /login if not authed
    }
  }

  render() {
    return (
      <div>
        You are authed!
      </div>
    )
  }
}

Advanced

Using redux-auth-wrapper you can easily create a Higher Order Component (wrapper) that can be used to redirect users based on Firebase state (including auth).

Auth Required ("Route Protection")

In order to only allow authenticated users to view a page, a UserIsAuthenticated Higher Order Component can be created:

import { browserHistory } from 'react-router'
import { UserAuthWrapper } from 'redux-auth-wrapper'

export const UserIsAuthenticated = UserAuthWrapper({
  wrapperDisplayName: 'UserIsAuthenticated',
  authSelector: ({ firebase: { auth } }) => auth,
  authenticatingSelector: ({ firebase: { auth, isInitializing } }) =>
    !auth.isLoaded || isInitializing === true,
  predicate: auth => !auth.isEmpty,
  redirectAction: (newLoc) => (dispatch) => {
    browserHistory.replace(newLoc)
    // routerActions.replace // if using react-router-redux
    dispatch({
      type: 'UNAUTHED_REDIRECT',
      payload: { message: 'You must be authenticated.' },
    })
  },
})

Then it can be used as a Higher Order Component wrapper on a component:

es7 decorators

@UserIsAuthenticated // redirects to '/login' if user not is logged in
export default class ProtectedThing extends Component {
  render() {
    return (
      <div>
        You are authed!
      </div>
    )
  }
}

standard ES5/ES6

export default UserIsAuthenticated(ProtectedThing)

Or it can be used at the route level:

<Route path="/" component={App}>
  <Route path="login" component={Login}/>
  <Route path="foo" component={UserIsAuthenticated(Foo)}/>
</Route>

Redirect Authenticated

Just as easily as creating a wrapper for redirect if a user is not logged in, we can create one that redirects if a user IS authenticated. This can be useful for pages that you do not want a logged in user to see, such as the login page.

import { browserHistory } from 'react-router'
import { UserAuthWrapper } from 'redux-auth-wrapper'

export const UserIsNotAuthenticated = UserAuthWrapper({
  wrapperDisplayName: 'UserIsNotAuthenticated',
  allowRedirectBack: false,
  failureRedirectPath: '/',
  authSelector: ({ firebase: { auth } }) => auth,
  authenticatingSelector: ({ firebase: { auth, isInitializing } }) =>
    !auth.isLoaded || isInitializing === true,
  predicate: auth => auth.isEmpty,
  redirectAction: (newLoc) => (dispatch) => {
    browserHistory.replace(newLoc)
    dispatch({
      type: 'AUTHED_REDIRECT',
      payload: { message: 'User is authenticated. Redirecting home...' }
    })
  }
})

Can then be used on a Login route component:

import React, { Component } from 'react'
import { firebaseConnect } from 'react-redux-firebase'

@UserIsNotAuthenticated // redirects to '/' if user is logged in
@firebaseConnect() // adds this.props.firebase
export default class Login extends Component {
  googleLogin = () => {
    this.props.firebase.login({ provider: 'google' })
  }

  render() {
    return (
      <div>
        <button onClick={this.googleLogin}>
          Google Login
        </button>
      </div>
    )
  }
}

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